A Novel Driving and Protection Circuit for
Reverse-Blocking IGBT Used in Matrix Converter
Daning Zhou, Kai Sun, Student Member, IEEE, Zhichao Liu, Lipei Huang,
Kouki Matsuse, Fellow, IEEE, and Kiyoaki Sasagawa
This paper has discussed a novel drive and protection circuit
designed for RB-IGBT.
1) A novel drive circuit was proposed to solve the conflict
between restricting di/dt of collector current in
turn-on transitions, dv/dt of collector–emitter voltage in
IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS, VOL. 43, NO. 1, JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2007
Fig. 20. Performance of the matrix converter in 50-Hz output frequency and
4.5-Nm load condition. (a) Input phase voltage νa, phase current ia, and its fast
Fourier transform (FFT). (b) Output line voltage νAC, output current iA, and
turn-off transitions, and reducing turn-on/off intervals
that are existing in conventional drive circuits. Experimental
results show that the proposed circuit can work
as the hope.
2) A novel protection circuit was designed. The Ic sensing
unit of this circuit is specifically designed for an RBIGBT.
Experimental results show that the short-circuit
FUL condition can be handled properly. The problem is
that the value of the large resistance used to import Vce
of RB-IGBT is difficult to determine. It should be high
enough to reduce its power losses. However, it should be
controlled to reduce the response time in case a shortcircuit
3) A three-phase-to-three-phase matrix converter was set up.
The proposed collector current sensing method is found
useful to produce the output current direction signals,
which are necessary to implement the current-sign-based
four-step commutation method.
The future work includes the following.
1) Simplify the proposed drive circuit to reduce the cost.
2) Investigate the effects of the variations of component
parameters on the performance of the proposed drive and
The authors would like to thank Dr. H. Shigekane,
Dr. S. Igarashi of Fuji Electric Device Technology Company,
Ltd., and Y. Abe, and M. Takei of Fuji Electric Advanced
Technology Company, Ltd. for their kind support of this project.