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quarta-feira, 12 de novembro de 2014

A Study on Improving Efficiency of High-frequency Switching Hybrid Inverter Circuit in Grid-connected Photovoltaic Power Generation Heo, Chan-Yoo Department of Electrical Engineering Graduate School Soongsil University





ABSTRACT
A Study on Improving Efficiency of High-frequency Switching Hybrid Inverter Circuit in Grid-connected Photovoltaic Power Generation Heo, Chan-Yoo Department of Electrical Engineering Graduate School Soongsil University
Supervised by Professor Jeon, Hee-Jong
 The various problems of Energy pluralism by new and renewable energy technique development is in progress mainly from advanced countries due to recent global warming by environmental change and fossil energy resources depletion. And major area of fuel cell, photovoltaic and wind power generation are actively in progress from many types of new and renewable energy. Photovoltaic power system stores the direct current resource generated from photovoltaic module into battery, and converts this into alternating current to use. Photovoltaic power generation uses solar for its energy resource, which does not need fuel, and the equipment has long life since it has no moving parts or heat engine. Also, it is more convenient in operation and maintenance than other existing power generation methods. But, it has higher unit cost than existing power generating methods, and need wide area to install solar cell module to use certain amount of electric power since its energy density is scarce. In addition, it has weak point of close influence by environmental condition such as weather condition. All sections of the photovoltaic power system from raw material to the grid connection are important, but the photovoltaic power inverter, which relates the stable power to the grid or can supply powerto individual load, can be regarded as one of the most important section. The generated power is of no use if the inverter does not make regular output even though a lot of power is generated from the photovoltaic array. The criteria for evaluating the photovoltaic inverter's performance is the power conversion efficiency of the inverter. For domestic photovoltaic power system, the booster converter's efficiency is around 99[%], the inverter efficiency is around 94[%], and studies are in progress to improve inverter efficiency. The Grid connected inverters in photovoltaic PCS(Power Conditioning System) have different efficiency according to their switching methods. 3 Level PWM switching type circuit has half the frequency than the circuit composed of 2 Level PWM, and has improved efficiency because of less switching loss. In general, photovoltaic PCS mainly use IGBT components. But the hybrid circuit composed of MOSFET and IGBT components is considered to improve efficiency even more by improving reverse recovery time and loss by IGBT's tailing current. In this paper, it is intended to prove that the high-frequency switching inverter circuit with MOSFET has improved efficiency than 3 Level circuit with all IGBT components through simulation and 3[kW] PCS hardware.

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