quinta-feira, 24 de dezembro de 2015
A VOLTAGE SAG SUPPORTER UTILIZING A PWM-SWITCHED AUTOTRANSFORMER A Thesis Presented to The Academic Faculty by Dong-Myung Lee School of Electrical & Computer Engineering Georgia Institute of Technology Atlanta
1.1 Background A power distribution system is similar to a vast network of rivers. It is important to remove any system faults so that the rest of the power distribution service is not interrupted or damaged. When a fault occurs somewhere in a power distribution system, the voltage is affected throughout the power system. Among various power quality problems, the majority of events are associated with either a voltage sag or a voltage swell, and they often cause serious power interruptions. A voltage sag condition implies that the voltage on one or more phases drops below the specified tolerance for a short period of time. A voltage swell condition occurs when the voltage of one or more phases rises above the specified tolerance for a short period of time. The causes of voltage sags and swells are associated with faults within the power distribution system. Users located a close distance to the fault experience voltage sags much greater in magnitude and duration than users located farther away, and as the power distribution system have power interruptions during a fault because of the effects of a voltage sag or voltage swell produced in the system by the fault. The objective of this research is to develop a novel voltage control scheme that can compensate for voltage sag and swell conditions in three-phase power systems.